The Carbon Footprint is a measure that expresses the total greenhouse gas emissions associated directly or indirectly with a product, organization or service in CO2 equivalent.
In accordance with the Kyoto Protocol, the greenhouse gases to be included are: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) and perfluorocarbons (PFCs) ).
The measurement of the Carbon Footprint of a product or process requires in particular the identification and quantification of the consumption of raw materials and energy in the selected phases of its life cycle.
The Carbon Footprint is a tool for measuring, managing and communicating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions related to products or services.
The Carbon Footprint label is perceived by consumers as an index of the quality and sustainability of companies.
The companies, in addition to conducting the analysis and accounting of CO2 emissions, are committed to defining a carbon management system aimed at identifying and implementing those measures to reduce emissions, economically efficient, which use technologies with low carbon content. carbon. The reduction measures can be supplemented by measures for the neutralization of emissions (carbon neutrality), achievable through activities that aim to offset the emissions with equivalent measures aimed at reducing them with economically more efficient or more expendable actions in terms of image (e.g. planting trees, renewable energy production, etc.). The Carbon Footprint, is applicable to all types of organizations, is based on and refers to international standards such as those relating to LCA (Environmental Life Cycle Assessment), a methodology (ISO 14040 and ISO 14044) characterized by a new approach that goes to analyze all processes related to the product and services, from the production phase of raw materials, transport, packaging to disposal at the end of their life.
The analysis methodology is established by the standards:
The Carbon Footprint can be used for:
Find out how to invest in projects that go towards the gradual abatement of their CO2 emissions and the reduction of the use of fossil sources, through the improvement of energy performance and more.