The Carbon Footprint is a measure that expresses the total greenhouse gas emissions associated directly or indirectly with a product, organisation or service in CO2 equivalent.
In accordance with the Kyoto Protocol, the greenhouse gases to be taken into account are: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) and perfluorocarbons (PFCs).
Measuring the carbon footprint of a product or process requires, among other things, the identification and quantification of raw material and energy consumption in selected phases of its life cycle.
The Carbon Footprint is a tool for measuring, managing and communicating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from products or services.
The Carbon Footprint label is seen by consumers as an indication of the quality and sustainability of companies.
In addition to analysing and accounting for CO2 emissions, companies commit to a carbon management system to identify and implement cost-effective emission reduction measures that use low carbon technologies.
Reduction measures can be complemented by carbon neutrality measures, which can be achieved through activities aimed at offsetting emissions with equivalent measures to reduce them through more economically efficient or image-consuming actions (e.g. tree planting, renewable energy production, etc.).
The carbon footprint, applicable to all types of organisations, is based on and refers to international standards such as those relating to LCA (Environmental Life Cycle Assessment), a methodology (ISO 14040 and ISO 14044) characterised by a new approach that will analyse all the processes linked to the product and services, from the production phase of raw materials, transport, packaging to disposal.
The analysis methodology is established by the standards:
The Carpon Footprint can be used for:
Find out how to invest in projects that contribute to the progressive reduction of their CO2 emissions and the use of fossil fuels, through energy efficiency improvements, etc.